This is the eighth in a series of posts quoting Fiqh concerning offensive Jihad.
Ibn Qudama, d. 1223, hanbali. Cit. ur. Henri Laoust, Le précis de droit d’Ibn Qudama […] (Beirut 1950), s. 273-6, 281.
|Legal war (jihad) is an obligatory social duty (fard kifaya); when one group of Muslims guarantees that it is being carried out in a satisfactory manner, the others are exempted. The jihad becomes a strictly binding personal duty (fard ain) for all Muslims who are enlisted or whose country has been [invaded] by the enemy. It is obligatory only for free men who have reached puberty, are endowed with reason and capable of fighting. Jihad is the best of the works of supererogation.|
This Hanbali Fiqh is congruent with the Shafi'ite, compare it to Reliance of the Traveller
, Book O9. Take due notice of the following points in this quote.
- Offensive Jihad is a collective obligation, binding on the Ummah until enough men answer the call.
- Defensive Jihad is an individual obligation, binding on all able bodied Muslims of full age and reason.
- Jihad is the best of extra credit good works for Brownie Points from Allah.
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