Hedaya 2.140 Annotated

Hedaya 2.141 Annotated

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Friday, August 13, 2010

Reliance of the Traveller: Handbook of Shari'ah

Update 02/03/17:
Most of the links in this post have been broken by external site changes. The pdf scans of reliance have been pulled down. At present, only a pdf containing the English translation is available, and I do not expect it to remain up for long.
Note: Keller did not translate the laws relating to slavery. If you need that information, read about it in the first volume of Hedaya, particularly the sections on marriage and divorce.

     For a quick survey, download "A Summary Of Islamic Jurisprudence" from the internet archive. For the fiqh particular to Jihad, download " The Book Of Jihad" from the internet archive. 

This post is spurred by recent interest in tags related to Reliance of the Traveller.

    Islamic law is derived from Muhammad's recitation and example: Qur'an & Sunnah.  "Umdat as-Salik wa 'Uddat an-Nasik (Reliance of the Traveller and Tools of the Worshipper, also commonly known by its shorter title Reliance of the Traveller) is a classical manual of fiqh for the Shafi'i school of Islamic jurisprudence."  Here is the Wikipedia entry.

The book is about 1251 pages long. While you can search it at Muhaddith,  there are some limitations to the search. The text has been posted an an educational site, from which I took these quotations. This is a raw text file, and some of it is extremely RAW!  I suggest using the Ctrl F search function to find what you are seeking if you go here and delve into it: http://www.nku.edu/~kenneyr/Islam/Reliance.html .  That text version is not complete, it ends with Book V.

Islamic Bulletin has an extensive library which includes two versions of Reliance.

Maktabah has a Scribid version which is only 384 pages, far short of complete. If you want a hard copy, it is available from Amazon.

    Shari'ah means "path to the life giving waters",  it is a guide to obedience of Allah and emulation of Moe.  While much of it is arcane, such as the rules of  ritual purity and prayer,  it also  governs matters with more direct application to temporal affairs.

    The laws concerning marriage, divorce, crime & punishments, and jihad are imposed upon non-Muslims where Allah's writ runs.  Islamic law forbids charging or receiving interest.  Shari'ah compliant commerce involves the proscription of all interest and all traffic with Israel.  It also involves the payment of 2.5%  Zakat on financial transactions  as well as on increase in wealth.  What most westerners don't know is that 1/8  of Zakat collections must be paid to the terrorists to finance their war against us.  It is illegal to give Zakat to Kuffar.

H8.7: The Eight Categories of Recipients
It is obligatory to distribute one's zakat among eight categories of recipients (O: meaning that zakat goes to none besides them), one-eighth of the zakat to each category. (n: In the Hanafi school, it is valid for the giver to distribute his zakat to all of the categories, some of them, or to confine himself to just one of them (al-Lubab fi sharh al-Kitab(y88), 1.155). )
H8.17: Those Fighting for Allah
The seventh category is those fighting for Allah, meaning people engaged in Islamic military operations for whom no salary has been allotted in the army roster (O: but who are volunteers for jihad without remuneration).  They are given enough to suffice them for the operation, even if affluent; of weapons, mounts, clothing, and expenses (O: for the duration of the journey, round trip, and the time they spend there, even if prolonged. Though nothing has been mentioned here of the expense involved in supporting such people's families during this period, it seems clear that they should also be given it).

It is not permissible to give zakat to a non-Muslim, or to someone whom one is obliged to support (def: m12.1), such as a wife or family member.

    Some of the most important provisions have been documented with screen shots from the search engine at Muhaddith.

    A series of blog posts about Shari'ah has been compiled into a Windows Help File (chm). Shari'ah.chm (100K Zipped) Compiled from a series of articles about Shari'ah, how it can affect you and what you can do to stop it.

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